Case Studies

Blueprint for enhanced NATO Cyber Defence Education & Training

Our client needed to support a NATO programme to improve the management of Education and Training in Cyber Defence. We were tasked to conduct a survey that would scope a comprehensive training needs analysis, and to develop a Managing Successful Programmes compliant Blueprint for the enhanced capability. Our approach was to design and implement the survey using stratified random sampling, producing the required results in 3 months from start to finish. In parallel, we conducted an analysis of stakeholder roles, requirements and relationships, and used this as a key basis to elicit the information for a benefits map. We developed the benefits map with further NATO inputs, and constructed a wide-ranging model of the required capability. Our approach for this model was to apply systems thinking to consider the processes, organisation, technology and information required to harness the existing systems to construct a system of systems enhanced capability. The result was a Blueprint that fully met the client’s needs. From this we estimated the resourcing requirements to support the enhanced capability’s business case.

Conceptual Force Wargaming

Our client needed evidence to support the Army’s Agile Warrior strategic guidance on future cross-DLOD capability developments. We were asked to lead an analytical study, supporting Dstl, using wargaming to provide suitable evidence by assessing a range of future forces and their requirements, including the Army’s planned STRIKE Brigades, in a range of scenarios. Our approach was to organise and lead an Analysis Estimate drawing together all relevant stakeholders. Using this, we developed a Concept of Analysis (CoA). This defined the wargame model outlines we had selected, and how we would develop the models and customise them, and also included the data we would collect and the measures and metrics we would produce. We supported a broader team that developed vignettes, force structures, CONEMPs and related performance data. We developed a range of outline people-in-the-loop manual wargames and led their application and conducted post-game analysis. The result was a significant body of evidence to inform Agile Warrior.

Capability Roadmapping

Our client sought to assist Army Capability Director Combat’s planning team’s formulation, tracking and reporting of its programme. We were tasked to design and develop a proof-of-principle road-mapping capability, with suitable software and guidance documentation. The roadmaps were to include all relevant capability development projects, acquisition and technology studies, and research, development, analysis and experimentation activities. Our approach was to apply our comprehensive experience in systems engineering to elicit user requirements, gained through interviews and working alongside key users. We designed a high level model of the capability, with the required functionality to support the proposed uses of the road-mapping tool including support to impact assessments and Balance of Investment decisions. From this, we analysed the information required to be supplied to, and extracted from, the tool, and explored the information systems available across MoD. This enabled us to develop a proof of principle tool in Excel to help refine user and system requirements. We drew up and assessed alternative implementation architectures. The result was a recommendation on a de-risked concept for the most cost-effective option, which met the Army’s needs and enabled examination of commercial options for the capability.

Evidence Framework Approach

Our client wished to support Dstl by enhancing the guidance in the Army’s Force Development Analysis and Experimentation (FDA&E) Handbook, with the aim of achieving better analytical advice for project support and research studies. We were tasked to develop a means of characterising the evidence required from analysis studies as they progressed, so that the evidence at the start, and the end, and during the course of the study could be assessed, to ensure the study results would meet the Army’s needs. We were also tasked with finding a better means to carry out the critical Analysis Estimate meetings at the inception of an analytical project. Our approach for the evidence characterisation aspect was to lead development of an Evidence Profile Table and an Evidence Quality Questionnaire, and guidance for their application. In parallel, we drew on academic sense-making work to enhance the Analysis Estimate. Our third task was to support experimentation to prove the effectiveness of both of these means. The results were successful, experimentally-proven evidence characterisation methods and improved means of conducting AEs and enhanced guidance for the Army’s FDA&E Handbook.

Light Forces Concepts

We were part of a Niteworks-led programme supporting Army Capability Director Combat experimentation to develop concepts for battalion-scale Light Mechanised and Light Cavalry forces. We were tasked with conducting operational analysis, particularly evaluating the forces’ operational effectiveness in a range of vignettes. Our evaluation placed a strong focus on the novel aspects of the forces which were the vehicles’ characteristics, and the forces’ ORBATs and CONEMPs. Our approach was to assist with the scoping of the analysis and the development of the wargaming approach, ensuring that the wargaming especially made maximum contribution to the experiment’s broad analytical purposes. We reviewed historical and doctrinal sources, and previous assessments of organisational constructs, to identify key focus areas for the wargaming. During the wargaming, we Red-Teamed the actions and outcomes of the forces as played by the full HQs of various units. We recorded the key events and identified the main pan-DLOD insights for the force elements. The result was a body of evidence to prioritise the DLOD changes required to realise the concepts.